One of the cases we have seen the most at the Hyperbaric Clinic of Esteponahas been patients suffering from Diabetic Foot. Sometimes they have come to us in such an advanced state of illness that little could be done.
So that this does not happen more often, we bring you this article where we tell you what the Diabetic Foot is and how we can detect it.
Definition of Diabetic Foot
The condition of the diabetic foot comes from the disease of diabetes itself, in which blood sugar levels are very high, which can cause damage to nerves and blood vessels over time. One of the most typical cases is in the feet, even causing ulcers and infections. In severe cases, the foot may be amputated.
The condition of the diabetic foot, caused by alterations in the blood vessels and nerves, is often complicated by ulcers that require amputation. It is one of the most costly complications of diabetes, especially in human groups who do not wear appropriate footwear. It is a consequence of vascular and nervous disorders. Frequent examination and care of the feet can help prevent amputation. Comprehensive foot care programs can reduce amputations by 45% to 85%.WHO(World Health Organization)
Symptoms of Diabetic Foot
- Loss of feeling in the foot. Pain, temperature changes or pressure are barely noticeable.
- Muscle weakness and atrophy, which can lead to foot deformities
- Dry skin with a tendency to crack.
- Edemasand vascular distensions.
Diabetic Foot Phases
Treatment of Diabetic Foot
There are a number of actions that can help us prevent this situation.
Daily inspection of the foot to detect blistering lesions, bleeding, macerations and interdigital excoriations. A mirror will be used for plant and heel inspection.
Change your socks and shoes twice a day
Never walk without shoes. Use wide shoes in places like the beach or pool.
Never use hot water bottles or heating pads to heat them.
Never use ingrown nail or callus resection. Go to the podiatrist.
Do not rush the cutting of the nails, but do it straight and file them gently.
Wash your feet with soap and water for five minutes. Rinse well and dry thoroughly, especially between the fingers.
Before using hot water for foot care, measure the temperature with your elbow.
Apply moisturizing cream after bathing, but not in the interdigital spaces because of the risk of maceration
Procurar caminar a diario.
Notify your nurse or family doctor of the appearance of swelling, redness, or acne, even if it is painless.
Avoid pressure from foot bedding.DIABETIC FOOT CARE PROTOCOLS. Ramon y Cajal University Hospital.
A treatment that gives very good results, as long as it is taken in time, is hyperbaric oxygen therapy. The hyperbaric chamber produces a rescue effect on the hypoxic tissue allowing healing and on the other hand generates a neo-vascular network that can replace the diseased vessels.
This post is also available in: Español (Spanish)